2004. Silvius K.M., Bodmer R.E. & Fragoso J.M.V.  (Eds.) People in Nature: Wildlife Conservation in the Neotropics.  Columbia University Press, New York, USA

2000.  Fragoso, J.M.V., Silvius K.M. & Prada-Villalobos M.  Wildlife Management at the Rio das Mortes Xavante Reserve, Mato Grosso, Brazil: Integrating Indigenous Culture and Scientific Method for Conservation; World Wildlife Fund-Brazil, Brasilia, Brazil.

2000. Fragoso, J.M.V., Silvius K.M. & Prada-Villalobos M. Integrando Abordagens Científicas e Indígenas de Manejo de Fauna em Áreas Indígenas:  Avaliação e Manejode Populações de Fauna Sujeitas à Caça na Reserva Xavante de Rio das Mortes, Mato Grosso.  World Wildlife Fund-Brazil, Brasilia, Brazil.

Journal Articles and Book Chapters


Brodie J. and Fragoso J.M.V. Understanding the distribution of bushmeat hunting effort across landscapes: testing hypotheses about human foraging. Conservation Biology, DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13612


Fragoso J.M.V., Antunes AP, Altrichter M, Constantino PD, Zapata-Rios G, Camino M, de Thoisy B, Wallace RB, El Bizri HR, Morcatty TQ, Mayor P. et al … K.M. Silvius Mysterious disappearances of a large mammal in Neotropical forests. bioRxiv.

Sobral M., Arias-Vaquerizo C., Silvius K.M. and Fragoso J.M.V. Can Animal Biodiversity Help the Climate? Front. Young Minds. 8:536333. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.536333

Turton S.M. S., Lynam A., Hughes A.C., Parolin P., Calmé S., Fragoso J.M.V., Sheherazade M., and Linkie M. The future for ATBC conservation declarations. Biotropica,52(5):795-802.


Fragoso, J. M.V., Gonçalves, F., Oliveira, L. F., Overman, H., Levi, T., & Silvius, K. M. Visual encounters on line transect surveys under-detect carnivore species: Implications for assessing distribution and conservation status. PloS one, 14(10).

Overman H., Cummings A.R., Luzar J.B., Fragoso J.M.V.  National REDD+ outcompetes gold and logging: The potential of cleaning profit chains. World Development. 2019 Jun 1;118:16-26 (


Overman H., Butt N., Cummings A.R., LuzarJ.B., and Fragoso J.M.V.  National REDD+ implications for tenured indigenous communities in Guyana, and communities’ impact on forest carbon stocks. Forests 9: 231.

Cummings A.R., Read J.M. & Fragoso J.M.V.  Implications of forest type and land tenure diversity for the sustainability of ecosystem services provided by northern Amazonia’s multiple-use tree species. Landscape Ecology. doi: 10.1007/s10980-018-0614-3.


Sobral M., Silvius K.M., Overman H., Oliveira L.F.B. & Fragoso J.M.V. Mammal diversity influences the carbon cycle through trophic interactions in the Amazon. Nature Ecology & Evolution, doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0334-0.

Roopsind, R.A., CaughlinT., Sambhu H., Fragoso J.M.V. & Putz F.E. Logging and indigenous hunting impacts on the persistence of large Neotropical fauna. Biotropica 49: 429–432 (DOI: 10.1111/btp.12476).


Fragoso J.M.V., Levi T., Oliveira L.F.B., Luzar J.B., Overman H., Read J.M., & Silvius K.M. Line transect surveys under detect terrestrial mammals: implications for the sustainability of subsistence hunting. Plos One (DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152659).

Iwamura T., Lambin E., Silvius K.M., Luzar J.B. & Fragoso J.M.V.  Socio-environmental sustainability of indigenous lands: Simulating the impacts of external pressures and livelihood change in the Guyanese Amazon. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (DOI:10.1002/fee.1203).

Cordeiro J.L., Fragoso J.M.V., Crawshaw D. &Oliveira L.F.B.Lowland tapir distribution and habitat loss in South America. PeerJ 4:e2456

van Vliet N., Cornelis C., Beck H., Lindsey P., Nasi R., LeBel S., Moreno J., Fragoso J.M.V. & Jori F. Meat from the wild: extractive uses of wildlife and alternatives for sustainability.  R. Mateo et al. (eds.), Current Trends in Wildlife Research, Wildlife Research Monographs 1, (DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-27912-1_10)

Reyna, R., Beck H., Chapman, C., Keuroghlian, A., Desbiez, A., Moreira, J., O ́Farrill, G., Fragoso, J.M.V. & Naranjo, E.  What ecological and anthropogenic factors affect group size in white-lipped peccaries (Tayassu pecari). Biotropica. (DOI 10.1111/btp.12269)


Butt N., Epps K, OvermanO., IwamuraT., & FragosoJ.M.V. Assessing carbon stocks using indigenous peoples’ field measurements in Amazonian Guyana.  Forest Ecology and Management, 338: 191-199.

Cummings A.R., Read J. & Fragoso J.M.V. Utilizing Amerindian hunters’ descriptions to guide the production of a vegetation map. Intl. J. of Applied Geospatial Research, 6: 121-145.

Aliaga-Rossel E. & Fragoso J.M.V.  Defaunation affects Astrocaryum gratum (Arecales: Arecaceae) seed survivorship in a sub-montane tropical forest. International Journal of Tropical Biology, 63: 57-67.


Iwamura T., Lambin E., Silvius K.M., Luzar J.B. & Fragoso J.M.V. Agent-based modeling of hunting and subsistence agriculture on indigenous lands: understanding interactions between social and ecological systems. Environmental Modelling & Software, 58: 109-127.


Fragoso J.M.V. & Reo N.J.  Complex interactions amongst biota, landscapes and native peoples. Ecological Processes (DOI 10.1186/2192-1709-2-28).

Reo N.J. & Fragoso J.M.V. (Eds. Special Issue). Complex interactions between biota, landscapes and native peoples. Ecological Processes 2: 28,

Levi T., Silvius K.M., Oliveira L.F.B., Cummings A.R. & Fragoso J.M.V. Competition and facilitation in the Capuchin-Squirrel Monkey Relationship.  Biotropica 45: 636-643.

Note: the above paper was highlighted as an “editor’s choice” article by Biotropica.

Luzar J.B. & Fragoso J.M.V. Shamanism, Christianity and culture change in Amazonia.  Human Ecology 41:299-311.


Luzar J.B. Silvius K.M. V Fragoso J.M.VChurch affiliation and meat taboos in Indigenous Communities of the Amazon.  Human Ecology 40: 833-845.


Luzar J.B., Silvius K.M., Overman J., Giery S.T., Read J.N. & Fragoso J.M.V.  Large-scale environmental monitoring by Indigenous Peoples.  BioScience, 61: 771-781.

Marina Alberti, Heidi Asbjornsen, Lawrence A. Baker, Nicholas Brozovic, Laurie E. Drinkwater, Scott A. Drzyzga, Claire A. Jantz, José Fragoso, Daniel S. Holland, Timothy A. Kohler, Jianguo Liu, William J. McConnell, Herbert D.G. Maschner, James D.A. Millington, Michael Monticino, Guillermo Podestá, Robert Gilmore Pontius, Charles L. Redman, Nicholas J. Reo, David Sailor, and Gerald Urquhart(2011). Meeting reports: Research on Coupled Human and Natural Systems (CHANS): Approach, Challenges, and Strategies. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  92: 218–228.


Read J.M., Fragoso J.M.V., Silvius K.M., Luzar, J.B.,Cummings A.R., Giery S., & de Oliveira L.F.B. Space, place, and hunting patterns among Amerindians of the Guyanese Amazon.  Journal of Latin American Geography, 9: 213-243.

Strong J.N., Fragoso J.M.V. & Oliveira L.F.B.  Padroes de uso e escolha de caça pelos índios Macuxi em Roraima. In Barbosa R.I. & V. F. Melo; Roraima: Homem, Ambiente e Ecologia.  Federal University of Roraima Press, Boa Vista, Brazil.


Nogueira-Filho S.L.G., Nogueira S.S.C. & Fragoso J.M.V. Ecological impacts of feral pigs in the Hawaiian Islands.  Biodiversity and Conservation, 18: 3677-3683.

Taber A, Chalukian SC, Altrichter M, Minkowski K, Lizarraga L, Sanderson E, Rumiz D, Ventincinque E, Moraes EA, Angelo C, Antúnez M, Ayala G, Beck H, Bodmer R, Boher SB, Cartes JL, Bustos S, Eaton D, Emmons L, Estrada N, Oliveira LFB, Fragoso J.M.V., Garcia R, Gomez C, Gómez H, Keuroghlian K, Ledesma L, Lizcano D, Lozano C, Montenegro O, Neris N, Noss A, Vieira AP, Paviolo A, PerovicP, Portillo H, Radachowsky J, Reyna-Hurtado R, Rodriguez Ortiz J, Salas L, Sarmiento Duenas A, Sarria Perea JA, Schiaffino K, Thoisy B, Tobler M, Utreras V, Varela D, Wallace RB, Zapata Ríos G. El destino de los arquitectos de los bosques Neotropicales: Evaluación de la distribucíon y el estado de conservaciónde los pecaries labiados y los tapires de tierras bajas. In: Pigs, Peccaries and Hippos Specialist Group (IUCN/SSC), Tapir Specialist Group (IUCN/SSC). New York: Wildlife Conservation Society and Wildlife Trust, xxvi + 182 p.


Aliaga-Rossel E, Kays R.W. & Fragoso J.M.V. Landscape use, seasonal movement and home range use by Central American agoutis (Dasyprocta punctata) on Barro Colorado Island, Panama.   J of Tropical Ecology, 24: 367-374.

Keuroghlian, A., Desbiez, A., Reyna-Hurtado, R., Altrichter, M.,Beck, H., Taber, A. & Fragoso, J.M.V.H. Tayassu pecari, White-lipped Peccary IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1.


Cunha S.S., Nogueira Filho S.L.G., Silvius K.M., Bassford M., & Fragoso J.M.V.  Feral pigs in Hawaii: using behavior and ecology to refine control techniques. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 108: 1-11.


Strong J. & Fragoso J.M.V. Diet and short-term movements of Geochelone carbonaria and Geochelone denticulata and implications for seed dispersal in northwestern Brazil.  Biotropica 38: 683-686.


Fragoso J.M.V. The role of trophic interactions in community initiation, maintenance and degradationInBurslem D., Pinard M., & Hartley S. (eds.), Biotic Interactions in the Tropics.  Cambridge University Press, England.

Neilson R.P., Pitelka, L.F., Solomon A., Nathan R., Midgley G.F, Fragoso J.M.V. Lischke H., & Thompson K. Forecasting regional to global plant migration in response to climate change: challenges and directions. BioScience 55: 749-760.


Fragoso J.M.V. A long-term study of white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) population fluctuations in northern Amazonia—anthropogenic versus “natural” causes. In K.M. Silvius, R.E. Bodmer & J.M.V. Fragoso (eds.). People in Nature: Wildlife Conservation and Management in South and Central America.  Columbia University Press, New York, USA.

Fragoso J.M.V. Bodmer R.E. & Silvius K.M. Wildlife conservation and management in South and Central America: multiple pressures and innovative solutions.  In K.M. Silvius, R.E. Bodmer & J.M.V. Fragoso.  People in Nature: Wildlife Conservation and Management in South and Central America.  Columbia University Press, New York, USA.

Fragoso J.M.V., Silvius, K.M. & Correa J.A. Long-distance seed dispersal by tapirs increases seed survival and aggregates tropical trees. Ecology (Special Section) 84:1998-2006.

Note:  The above paper was the subject of a news article in the journal Nature, 2003, 426:26-27.

Higgins S.I., Clark J.S., Nathan R., Hovestadt T. Schurr F., Fragoso J.M.V., Aguiar M.R., Ribbens E. & Lavorel S. Forecasting plant migration rates: managing uncertainty for risk assessment.  J of Ecology 91: 341-347.

Silvius, K.M, & Fragoso J.M.V. Red-rumped agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) home-range use in an Amazonian forest: implications for the aggregated distribution of large-seeded trees.  Biotropica 35:74-83.


Silvius K.M. & Fragoso J.M.V. Pulp handling by vertebrate seed dispersers increases palm seed predation by bruchid beetles in the northern Amazon.  J of Ecology 90: 1024-1032.

Fragoso J.M.V., Cunha M., & Nascimento V.L.M. A Fauna Silvestre e as Practicas de Caça. PESACRE, Rio Branco, Brazil.


Fragoso, J.M.V., Silvius K.M. & Correa J.M. Neotropical mammal home ranges and cross scale seed dispersal and survivorship.  In K.N. Ganeshaiah, R.U. Shaanker & K.S. Bawa (eds.). Tropical Ecosystems: Structure, Diversity and Human Welfare.  Oxford & IBH Publishing, New Delhi, India.

Fragoso, J.M.V. A review of “Conservation and Biodiversity by A. Dobson.  Economic Botany 55: 330-331.

Fragoso, J.M.V. A review of “Cultural and Spiritual Values of Biodiversity: A Complementary Contribution to the Global Biodiversity Assessment”.  Economic Botany 55: 581-582.


Fragoso J.M.V. & Huffman J. Seed-dispersal and seedling recruitment patterns by the last Neotropical megafaunal element in Amazonia, the tapir. J of Tropical Ecology 16: 369-385.


Fragoso, J.M.V. Scale perception and resource partitioning by peccaries: behavioral causes and ecological implications. J of Mammalogy 80: 993-1003.


Fragoso, J.M.V. Home range and movement patterns of white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) herds in the northern Brazilian Amazon. Biotropica 30: 458-469. 

Fragoso, J.M.V. White-lipped peccaries and palms on the Ilha de Maracá. In W. Milliken & J. A. Ratter (eds.); Maracá: The Biodiversity and Environment of an Amazonian Rainforest, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., England.


Fragoso, J.M.V. Tapir-generated seed shadows: scale-dependent patchiness in the Amazon rain forest. J of Ecology 85: 519-529.

Note:  The above paper was the subject of a news article in the journal Nature, 390:231-232.

Fragoso, J.M.V. Desapariciónes locales del báquiro labiado (Tayassu pecari) en la Amazonía: migración, sobre-cosecha, o epidemia  (Extirpation of white-lipped peccary populations in Amazonia: migration, overhunting or epidemic)?  In T.G. Fang, R.E. Bodmer, R. Aquino & M.H. Valqui (eds.); Manejo de Vida Silvestre en  la Amazonia (Wildlife Management in Amazonia). United Nations Development Program-Global Environmental Facility, La Paz, Bolivia.

Fragoso, J.M.V. Queixadas e palmeiras na Ilha de Maracá. In C. Valladares-Padua & R. Bodmer (eds.). Manejo e Conservação de Vida Silvestre no Brasil. MCT-CNPq/Sociedade Civil Mamirauá, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


Fragoso, J.M.V. 1994. Large mammals and the dynamics of an Amazonian rain forest. PhD Thesis, University of Florida, USA.


Fragoso, J.M.V. The effect of selective logging on Baird’s tapir in Belize. In Mares M.A. & Schmidly D.J. (eds.), Latin American Mammalogy: History, Biodiversity, and Conservation. Univ. of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Fragoso, J.M.VThe effect of hunting on tapirs in Belize. In Robinson J.G. & Redford K.H. (eds.), Neotropical Wildlife Use and Conservation. Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago.


Fragoso J.M.V. & Williamson M.  Tapir discovery in Belize. Species 6: 9.


Fragoso, J.M.V. 1987. The habitat preferences and social structure of tapirs. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Fragoso, J.M.V.  Tapir densities in Belize.  Belize Audubon Society Bulletin 17: 2-3

Fragoso, J.M.VScarlet macaws on the Macal River, Belize. Belize Audubon Society Bulletin, 17 (7): 3-4.


Fragoso, J.M.V. 1983. The ecology and behavior of Baird’s tapir in Belize. B.Sc. Thesis, Trent University, Ontario, Canada.

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